Patterns of reef fish assemblage distribution on a Brazilian subtropical rocky shore: an approach to benthic association

Luiza dos Santos Vieira, Victor Bastos Teixeira Lupinacci, Letícia Fernandes Lopes Osório dos Santos, Eduardo Arlé, Rafael da Rocha Fortes


Os ambientes recifais são caracterizados como formações de fundo consolidado de origem orgânica e/ou inorgânica. Em costões rochosos, fatores bióticos e abióticos determinam a sua biodiversidade. Na praia do Forno, onde o fenômeno da ressurgência ocorre, a assembleia de peixes recifais foi analisada por meio de censo visual. A cobertura bentônica do substrato foi classificada em quatro categorias. O uso do substrato foi determinado pela abundância relativa das espécies em cada um de seus tipos. Um total de 5414 indivíduos pertencentes a 31 espécies de peixes recifais foi observado. Os resultados demonstraram que a preferência por habitats, caracterizados pela cobertura por organismos bentônicos, foi um fator importante na determinação da composição da assembleia de peixes recifais, em uma microescala. A escolha de um habitat dentre os diversos tipos de substrato, poder ser em sua maior parte explicada pela disponibilidade de recursos alimentares.

Palavras chave: Cobertura bentônica, padrões biogeográficos, interações bióticas, habitat, ictiofauna, costões rochosos.

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Pesquisa e Ensino em Ciências Exatas e da Natureza
Unidade Acadêmica de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza - CFP - UFCG
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