Associative administration of cimetidine and exogenous melatonin on the endometrial receptors of estrogen, collagen and hormone levels in adult rats

Sandra Maria Souza da Silva, Laíse de Souza Elias, Romildo Luciano da Silva, Paloma Lys de Medeiros, Jeymesson Raphael Cardoso Vieira, Álvaro Aguiar Coelho Teixeira, Valéria Wanderley-Teixeira

Resumo


Cloridrato de cimetidina, um bloqueador de receptores H2 das células parietais gástricas, que age reduzindo a secreção de ácido no estômago e tem sido estudado como substância xenoestrogênica. O uso crônico da cimetidina produz distúrbios homonais e toxidade no aparelho reprodutor masculino, além de reduzir o estradiol 2-hidroxilado e aumentar níveis séricos de estradiol e prolactina em mulheres, levando a hiperprolactinemia, que pode ser fator de risco para o câncer. A melatonina, neurohormônio sintetizado pela glândula pineal tem importante papel na função reprodutiva, regulando a produção de estrógeno, progesterrona e prolactina. O estudo testou a hipótese de que a melatonina pode bloquear ou reduzir os efeitos estrogênicos da cimetidina no estroma uterino, interferindo nos receptores de estrógeno, no teor de fibras colágenas e nos níveis hormonais em ratas adultas. Quarenta e cinco (45) ratas albinas divididas em três grupos: I – tratadas com placebo (controle); II – tratado com cimetidina (50 mg/kg) e III – tratado com cimetidina (50 mg/kg) associada à melatonina (200 μg/100 g). Os experimentos foram conduzidos por 7, 14 e 19 dias. Nos grupos tratados apenas com cimetidina, observou-se marcações mais intensas dos receptores REα, maior distribuição das fibras colágenas no endométrio, elevação dos níveis séricos de estrogênio, prolactina e redução da progesterona, nos animais tratados por 19 dias. Na associação cimetidina e melatonina, acredita-se que a melatonina bloqueou esses efeitos. A melatonina tem atividade citoprotetora para efeitos crônicos da cimetidina no estroma endometrial, por reduzir ou prevenir o aumento da síntese de fibras de colágeno pelos fibroblastos regulando a atividade do estrogênio sérico, bem como a expressão de seus receptores endometriais, além de manter os níveis normais de progesterona e prolactina.

Palavras chave: Melatonina, receptor de estrógeno, xenoestrógeno, morfometria, níveis hormonais.


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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29215/pecen.v4i0.1597

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Unidade Acadêmica de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza - CFP - UFCG
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